SORTIE-ND

Selected Research Papers

Astrup R., K.D. Coates, E. Hall. 2008. Recruitment limitation in forests:  lessons from an unprecedented mountain pine beetle epidemic. Forest Ecology and Management 256:1743-1750.

Astrup, R., K. D. Coates, and E. Hall. 2008. Finding the appropriate level of complexity for a simulation model: an example with a forest growth model. Forest Ecology and Management 256:1659-1665.

Astrup, Rasmus, K. David Coates, Erin Hall, and Aaron Trowbridge. 2007. Documentation for the SORTIE-ND SBS Research Parameter File Version 1.0. Bulkley Valley Centre for Natural Resources Research and Management Report.

Astrup, R. and B.C. Larson. 2006. Variability of species-specific crown openness for aspen and spruce in western boreal Canada. Forest Ecology and Management 228:241-250.

Astrup, R. 2006. Evaluation of SORTIE-ND for growth prediction in mixed boreal stands. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC. 156 p..

Bartemucci, P., Coates, K.D., Harper, K., Wright, E.F. 2002. Gap disturbances in northern old-growth forests of British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Vegetation Science 13:685-696.

Beaudet, Marilou, Brian Harvey, Christian Messier, David Coates, Julie Poulin, Daniel Kneeshaw, Suzanne Brais & Yves Bergeron. 2010. Managing understory light conditions in boreal mixedwoods through variation in the intensity and spatial pattern of harvest: A modelling approach. For. Ecol. Manage., 261(1):84???????94.

Burnham, K.P. and D.R. Anderson. 2002. Model selection and multimodel inference: a practical information-theoretic approach. New York, NY: Springer.

Canham, C. D., and M. Uriarte. 2006. Analysis of neighborhood dynamics of forest ecosystems using likelihood methods and modeling. Ecological Applications 16:62-73.

Canham, C.D., P.T. LePage, K.D. Coates. 2004. A neighbourhood analysis of canopy tree competition: effects of shading versus crowding . Can. J. For. Res. 34:778-787.

Canham, C.D., Papaik, M.J., Latty, E.F. 2001. Interspecific variation in susceptibility to windthrow as a function of tree size and storm severity for northern temperate tree species. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 31:1-10.

Canham, C.D., K.D. Coates, P. Bartemucci, and S. Quaglia. 1999. Measurement and modeling of spatially explicit variation in light transmission through interior cedar???????hemlock forests of British Columbia. Can. J. For. Res. 29: 1775???????1783.

Canham, C. D., Finzi, A. C., Pacala, S. W., Burbank, D. H. 1994. Causes and consequences of resource heterogeneity in forests: interspecific variation in light transmission by canopy trees. Can. J. For. Res. 24:337-349.

Coates, K. David, Marius Boldor, Erin Hall, Rasmus Astrup. 2009. Evaluation of the Complex Stand Simulation Model SORTIE-ND for Timber Supply Review in Sub-Boreal Forests of Northern BC. Technical Report For Forest Science Program Project Y093187.

Coates, K. David, Charles D. Canham and Philip T. LePage. 2009. Above- versus below-ground competitive effects and responses of a guild of temperate tree species. J. Ecol. 97:118-130.

Coates, K. David, Tlell Glover, Beth Henderson. 2009. Abundance of secondary structure in lodgepole pine stands affected by the mountain pine beetle in the Cariboo-Chilcotin. Final Report MPBP Project # 7.22 provided to the Government of Canada, Mountain Pine Beetle Program .

Coates, K. David ,Craig DeLong, Philip J. Burton, and Donald L. Sachs. 2006. Abundance of secondary structure in lodgepole pine stands affected by the mountain pine beetle. Report for the Chief Forester, Ministry of Forests and Range, Smithers, BC .

Coates, K. David, Erin Hall. 2005. Implications of Alternate Silvicultural Strategies in Mountain Pine Beetle Damaged Stands. Technical Report For Forest Science Program Project Y051161.

Coates, K.D., C.D. Canham, M. Beaudet, D.L. Sachs and C. Messier. 2003. Use of a spatially explicit individual-tree model (SORTIE/BC) to explore the implications of patchiness in structurally complex forests. Forest Ecology and Management 186:297-310.

Coates, K.D. 2002. Tree recruitment in gaps of various size, clearcuts and undisturbed mixed forest of interior British Columbia, Canada.. Forest Ecology and Management 155:387-398.

Coates K.D. 2000. Conifer seedling response to northern temperate forest gaps. Forest Ecology and Management 127(1-3):249-269.

Coates, K.D. and P.J. Burton. 1999. Growth of planted tree seedlings in response to ambient light levels in northwestern interior cedar???????hemlock forests of British Columbia . Can. J. For. Res. 29: 1374???????1382.

Coates, K.D., Banner, A., Steventon, J.D., LePage, P., and Bartemucci, P . 1997. The Date Creek silvicultural systems study in the temperate forests of northwestern British Columbia: Overview and treatment summaries. B.C. Ministry of Forests, Victoria, B.C., Land Manage. Handb. 38.

Coates, K.D. and Burton, P. J. 1997. A gap-based approach for development of silvicultural systems to address ecosystem management objectives. Forest Ecology and Management 99:337-354.

Coates, K.D. 1997. Windthrow damage two years after partial cutting at the Date Creek silvicultural systems study in the Interior Cedar-Hemlock forests of northwestern British Columbia.. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 27:1695-1701.

Gratzer, G., C. Canham, U. Dieckmann, A. Fischer, Y. Iwasa, R. Law, and M.J. Lexer. 2004. Spatio-temporal development of forests - current trends in field methods and models. Oikos 107:3-15.

Greene, D.F., C.D. Canham, K.D. Coates, P.T. LePage. 2004. An evaluation of alternative dispersal functions for trees. J. of Ecol. 92: 758???????766.

Hilborn, R. and M. Mangel. 1997. The Ecological Detective: Confronting Models With Data. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Hobbs, R.J. and R. Hilborn. 2006. Alternatives to statistical hypothesis testing in ecology: A guide to self teaching. Ecological Applications 16:5-19.

Johnson, J.B. and K.S. Omland. 2004. Model selection in ecology and evolution. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 19:101-108.

Kneeshaw, Daniel D., R.K. Kobe, K.D. Coates, and C. Messier. 2006. Sapling size influences shade tolerance ranking among southern boreal tree species. J. of Ecol. 94: 471???????480.

Kobe, R.K. 2006. Sapling growth as a function of light and landscape-level variation in soil water and foliar nitrogen in northern Michigan. Oecologia 147: 119-133.

Kobe, R.K., K.D. Coates. 1997. Models of sapling mortality as a function of growth to characterize inter-specific variation in shade tolerance of eight tree species of northwestern British Columbia . Canadian Journal of Forest Research 27:227-236.

Kobe, R. K., Pacala, S. W., Silander, J. A., Jr., and Canham, C. D. . 1995. Juvenile tree survivorship as a component of shade tolerance. Ecol. Appl. 5: 517-532.

Lefran???ois, Marie-Lou, M. Beaudet, C. Messier. 2008. Crown openness as influenced by tree and site characteristics for yellow birch, sugar maple and eastern hemlock. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 38:488-497.

LePage, P.T., C.D. Canham, K.D. Coates, P. Bartemucci. 2000. Seed abundance versus substrate limitation of seedling recruitment in northern temperate forests of British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 30:415-427.

Lexer, M.J. and Honninger, K. 2004. Effects of error in model input: experiments with a forest patch model. Ecol. Modeling 173:159-176.

Pacala, S. W., C.D. Canham, J. Saponara, J.A. Silander Jr., R.K. Kobe and E. Ribbens. 1996. Forest models defined by field measurements: II Estimation, error analysis, and dynamics. Ecol. Mon. 66: 1-43.

Pacala, S. W., C. D. Canham, J. A. Silander, Jr., and R. K. Kobe. 1994. Sapling growth as a function of resources in a north temperate forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 24:2172-2183.

Pacala, S. W., C.D. Canham, and J.A. Silander Jr. . 1993. Forest models defined by field measurements: I. The design of a northeastern forest simulator. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 23:1980-1988.

Pedersen, S.M. 2007. Models of individual tree mortality for trembling aspen, lodgepole pine, hybrid spruce and subalpine fir in northwestern British Columbia. Examensarbeten, Institutionen f???r skogens ekologi och sk???tsel, Ume???, Sweden. ISSN 1654-1898.

Puettmann, Klaus J., Coates, K.D., Messier C.. 2008. A critique of Silviculture: Managing for Complexity. Island Press, Washington D.C., 188 pp..

Reynolds, M.R. and Chung J. 1986. Regression methodology for estimating model prediction error. Can. J. For. Res. 16:931-938.

Ribbens, E., S. W. Pacala, and J. A. Silander, Jr. 1994. Recruitment in forests: calibrating models to predict patterns of seedling dispersal. Ecology 75:1794-1806.

Stadt, Kenneth J., Carolyn Huston, K. David Coates, Zhili Feng, Mark R.T.Dale, Victor J. Lieffers. 2007. Evaluation of competition and light estimation indices for predicting diameter growth in mature boreal mixed forests. Ann. For. Sci. 64: 477???????490.

Thorpe, H.C., Astrup, R., Trowbridge A., Coates, K.D. . 2010. Competition and tree crowns: A neighborhood analysis of three boreal tree species. Competition and tree crowns: A neighborhood analysis of three boreal tree species. For. Ecol. Manage., 259:1586???????1596.

Vanclay, J.K. and Skovsgaard J.P. 1997. Evaluating forest growth models. For. Ecol. Manage. 98:1-12.

Wright, Elaine F.,C.D. Canham, K.D. Coates. 2000. Effects of suppression and release on sapling growth for 11 tree species of northern, interior British Columbia. Can. J. For. Res. 30, 1571???????1580.

Wright, E.F., K.D. Coates, P. Bartemucci. 1998. Regeneration from seed of six tree species in the interior cedar???????hemlock forests of British Columbia as affected by substrate and canopy gap position.. Can. J. For. Res. 28: 1352???????1364.

Wright, Elaine F., K.D. Coates, C.D. Canham, and P.Bartemucci. 1998. Species variability in growth response to light across climatic regions in northwestern British Columbia. Can. J. For. Res. 28: 871-886.

Yang, Y., Monseurd, R.A. and Huang, S. 2004. An evaluation of diagnostic tests and their roles in validating forest biometric models. Can. J. For. Res. 34:619-629.